News Letter
Information about Oesophageal Cancer

 

Oesophageal cancer is cancer arising from the Oesophagus or the food pipe which runs between the throat and the stomach.

 

Oesophageal cancer patients generally approach when swallowing of food has become very difficult. In advanced stages swallowing becomes extremely difficult thereby causing pain even on swallowing liquids. In such cases maintaining nutrition becomes difficult and patient starts debilitating. It is seen that Rasayana Therapy helps a lot to such patients in reducing these symptoms. Prevention of aspiration pneumonia is also one of our important objective.

 

Rasayana Therapy decreases other symptoms of patients like anorexia, pain during eating, weight loss and improves their quality of life and maintains nutrition. Many patients are not ready for chemotherapy due to its adverse reactions .We have treated several such cases with Rasayana Therapy and got very good results. Rasayana Therapy has also shown complete tumor response in patients with advanced Oesophageal carcinoma without any conventional therapy. In patients who opt for chemotherapy/radiotherapy, Rasayana Therapy helps manage side effects, improve quality of life, increase survival and also act to cause tumor regression.

 

Oesophageal carcinoma has a tendency of spread to Liver and Lung which can adversely affect the prognosis. Rasayana drugs significantly reduces the chances of  metastasis by focusing on improving the metabolism and cell cycle of potential site .

 

When Oesophageal cancer first develops it rarely causes any symptoms as the tumor is very small. It is only when the cancer starts to become large and more advanced that symptoms start to develop-

 

1. Difficulty for swallowing.

2. Weight loss.

3. Persistent indigestion.

4. Pain in chest and back.

5. Hoarseness of voice.

6. Persistent cough.

7. Vomiting.

8. Coughing blood.

 

1. Alcohol

 

Drinking too much alcohol increases risk of developing a number of illnesses and conditions, including cancer of the esophagus. Long-term heavy drinking causes irritation and inflammation in the lining of the esophagus. If the cells in the lining of gullet become inflamed, they are more likely to become malignant (cancerous). Alcohol mainly increases the risk of squamous cell carcinoma (a type of Oesophageal cancer).

 

2. Smoking 

 

Cigarettes contain nitrosamines and other chemicals that increase the risk of cancer. Pipe smoking also increases the risk of Oesophageal cancer. Smoking increases the risk of the 2 main types of Oesophageal cancer – squamous cell carcinoma and Oesophageal adenocarcinoma.

 

3. Obesity

 

Risk of developing cancer of the esophagus in overweight persons is approximately double compared with people with a healthy weight for their height. This may be because obese people are more at risk of developing Barrett's esophagus.

 

Diet- A diet low in fruit and vegetables or lacking in vitamins A, C, B1 or zinc has been shown to increase the risk of cancer of the esophagus.Cancer of the esophagus is much more common in the Far East and Central Asia. It is thought that this may be partly due to the type of diet in these countries, which includes far fewer uncooked vegetables than the western diet. It may also be due to environmental factors.

 

4.Other medical conditions

 

Some pollutants and chemicals- Chemicals and pollutants known to increase the risk of Oesophageal cancer include:

  • metal dust.

  • vehicle exhaust fumes.

  • silica dust (which comes from materials such as sandstone, granite and slate).

 

5.Helicobacter pylori infection.

 

6.Drugs and other medical treatments.

 

7.Tooth loss.

 

8.Human papilloma virus.

 

If you have symptoms that may signal Oesophageal cancer, your doctor will examine you and ask you questions about your health; your lifestyle, including smoking and drinking habits; and your family medical history.

 

One or more of the following tests may be used to find out if you have Oesophageal cancer and if it has spread. These tests also may be used to find out if treatment is working.

 

Imaging tests, which may include:

· X-rays

· CT or CAT (computed axial tomography) scans

· MRI (magnetic resonance imaging) scans

· PET (positron emission tomography) scans

 

Biopsy

One of the following methods may be used to biopsy tissue to find out if you have Oesophageal cancer: 

 

Esophagoscopy

An endoscope is inserted through the mouth or nose into the esophagus. The doctor looks at the esophagus and removes small pieces of tissue.

 

Endoscopic ultrasound (EUS) or endosonography

An endoscope is inserted through an opening in the body, usually the mouth or rectum. At the end of the tube there is a light, a tiny camera and a device that sends out ultrasound (high-energy sound) waves to make images of internal organs.

 

Video endoscopy

An endoscope with a special fiber-optic camera is inserted through the mouth, allowing the doctor to view the esophagus and biopsy the suspicious area.

 

Bronchoscopy

Using a tool called a bronchoscope, which is similar to the endoscope, the doctor looks at the trachea (windpipe) and the tubes that go into the lungs.

 

Laryngoscopy

With a tool called a laryngoscope, which is similar to the endoscope, the doctor examines the larynx (voice box).

 

 

 

· There are different types of treatment for patients with Oesophageal cancer.

· Patients have special nutritional needs during treatment for Oesophageal cancer.

· Six types of standard treatment are used:

 

Surgery

Surgery is the most common treatment for cancer of the esophagus. Part of the esophagus may be removed in an operation called an esophagectomy.

Radiation therapy- Radiation therapy is a cancer treatment that uses high-energy x-rays or other types of radiation to kill cancer cells or keep them from growing. There are two types of radiation therapy. External radiation therapy uses a machine outside the body to send radiation toward the cancer. Internal radiation therapy uses a radioactive substance sealed in needles, seeds, wires, or catheters that are placed directly into or near the cancer. The way the radiation therapy is given depends on the type and stage of the cancer being treated.

A plastic tube may be inserted into the esophagus to keep it open during radiation therapy. This is called intraluminal intubation and dilation.

 

Chemotherapy

Chemotherapy is a cancer treatment that uses drugs to stop the growth of cancer cells, either by killing the cells or by stopping them from dividing. When chemotherapy is taken by mouth or injected into a vein or muscle, the drugs enter the bloodstream and can reach cancer cells throughout the body (systemic chemotherapy). When chemotherapy is placed directly into the cerebrospinal fluid, an organ, or a body cavity such as the abdomen, the drugs mainly affect cancer cells in those areas (regional chemotherapy). The way chemotherapy is given depends on the type and stage of the cancer being treated.

 

Chemoradiation therapy

Chemoradiation therapy combines chemotherapy and radiation therapy to increase the effects of both.

 

Laser therapy

Laser therapy is a cancer treatment that uses a laser beam (a narrow beam of intense light) to kill cancer cells.

 

Electrocoagulation

Laser therapy is a cancer treatment that uses a laser beam (a narrow beam of intense light) to kill cancer cells.

Global Appointment
Dubai

Dr. Bendale will be soon available at Dubai for offering consultation to patients.Patients desirous of having an appointment can contact us at following mail id care@rasayucancerclinic.com

Netherland and Belgium

Dr. Bendale will be soon available at Netherland for offering consultation to patients.Patients desirous of having an appointment can contact us at following mail id care@rasayucancerclinic.com

London

Dr. Bendale will be soon available at London for offering consultation to patients.Patients desirous of having an appointment can contact us at following mail id care@rasayucancerclinic.com