News Letter
Information about Head and Neck Cancer

 

Head and neck cancer is third most common cancer seen in both the sexes across the globe but is the commonest malignancy occurred in Indian males. Also Oral cavity cancer is the most common type of cancer amongst the males and this is thought to be related to the high incidence of betel nut chewing. Head and neck cancers consists of about one-third of all cancers. According to the Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR) approximately 0.2 to 0.25 million new Head and Neck cancer patients are diagnosed each year and one of the highest across the globe.

 

They are a heterogeneous group of tumours, and can be divided into the following sites:

 

Skin and lip.

Oral cavity-It includes the anterior two-thirds of tongue, posterior one third or base of tongue, buccal mucosa, upper and lower alveolus, hard palate, retro molar triagone, floor of mouth and oropharynx.

Oropharynx-It includes the tonsillar fossa, soft palate, posterior pharyngeal wall, posterior one third of the tongue, the valleculle and the mobile epiglottis.

Larynx.

Hypopharynx-It includes pyriform fossa, post cricoid region and posterior pharyngeal wall.

Nasopharynx.

Salivary glands.

Nasal cavity and paranasal sinuses.

External auditory meatus and middle ear.

 

Head and neck cancer causes painful symptoms. Moreover the prognosis is not good in many types of head and neck cancer .Our Rasayana Therapy shows very excellent results in relieving symptoms of patients and improving patient’s quality of life. Along with this in this type of cancer it is very important to prevent spread of disease. Rasayana helps to reduce the risk of disease spread. Not only this Rasayana Therapy increases patients survival by many folds. If taken with conventional anticancer therapies Rasayana improves tolerability to chemotherapy and radiotherapy and helps patient to comfortably complete the prescribed cycles with minimum toxicity.

 

Rasayana has also showed tumor regression in several  patients 

People with head and neck cancer may suffer from following

Swelling or sore that does not heal which is the most common symptom.

Red or white patch in the mouth.

Lump,  or mass in the head or neck area, with or without pain.

Persistent sore throat.

Foul mouth odor not explained by hygiene.

Hoarseness or change in voice.

Nasal obstruction or persistent nasal congestion.

Frequent nose bleeds and/or unusual nasal discharge.

Difficulty breathing.

Double vision.

Numbness or weakness of a body part in the head and neck region.

Pain or difficulty chewing, swallowing, or moving the jaw or tongue.

Ear and/or jaw pain.

Blood in the saliva or phlegm, which is mucus discharged in mouth from respiratory passage.

Loosening of teeth.

Dentures that no longer fit.

Unexplained weight loss.

. Fatigue.

Smoking cigarettes, cigars or pipes.

Chewing tobacco or betel quid (paan).

Alcohol.

Human papilloma virus (HPV) infection.

Diet.

Sunlight.

Exposure to chemicals.

Pre-cancerous conditions.

 

Diagnosis of Head and Neck cancer will normally include clinical examination by a doctor, fibre optic endoscopy, fine needle aspiration (FNAC)/core biopsy of any neck masses, followed by further examination under anaesthetic with additional biopsies if needed. Head and neck tumours are staged by the anatomical extent of disease based on an assessment of the extent of the primary tumor, the absence or presence and extent of regional Lymph node metastasis and the absence or presence of distant metastasis. Patients with confirmed malignancy will also undergo radiological staging by computerized tomography (CT), PET scan or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI).

 

Treatment options are surgery, radiotherapy, chemotherapy or a combination of these. Selection of treatment depends on various disease related factors like disease site, stage, anatomical accessibility of the tumour and overall wellbeing of the patient.

 

1. Surgery- Current surgical techniques employ primary closure where possible, but can allow for extensive resections by performing immediate reconstructions using free flaps from skin, fascia, muscle or bone.

 

This is often the treatment of choice in more advanced lesions,i.e.T3/T4 Tumors.

 

2. Radiation therapy-It can be used as the primary treatment, or in the adjuvant postoperative setting. Indications and technique will depend on anatomical location of the tumor. The major potential advantage of this therapy is functional preservation, particularly of speech and swallowing.

 

Acute skin reactions, mucosites are more common side effects of radiotherapy.

 

3. Chemotherapy-Agents such as 5-flurouracil, cisplatin and methotreaxate can produce high response rates, however, responses tend to be short lived, regrowth is often rapid, and there is no evidence to show any survival benefit.

 

Chemotherapy in the neoadjuvant setting and concurrent with radiotherapy along with newer agents, are the subjects of current clinical trials.

 

Myelosuppression and mucosites are the most common side effects of this therapy.

Global Appointment
Dubai

Dr. Bendale will be soon available at Dubai for offering consultation to patients.Patients desirous of having an appointment can contact us at following mail id care@rasayucancerclinic.com

Netherland and Belgium

Dr. Bendale will be soon available at Netherland for offering consultation to patients.Patients desirous of having an appointment can contact us at following mail id care@rasayucancerclinic.com

London

Dr. Bendale will be soon available at London for offering consultation to patients.Patients desirous of having an appointment can contact us at following mail id care@rasayucancerclinic.com