News Letter
Information about Lung Cancer

 

Lung cancer is the most common cancer occuring  worldwide amongst male population.

 

Lung cancer generally carries a bad prognosis with overall five year survival of around 10% .The survival falls as the stage increases with five year survival in Stage IV around just 2 %. Hence the most important aspect of Rasayana Therapy is to reduce the chances of disease progression. Rasayana compounds helps in tumor regression.This approach has led to a very significant increase in overall and disease free survival. Our patients treated with this approach have shown five years disease free survival with a good quality of life.

 

Besides this Rasayana also improves the quality of life in patients with Lung cancer.

 

Coughing, especially if it persists or becomes intense.

Pain in the chest, shoulder, or back unrelated to pain from coughing.

A change in color or volume of sputum.

Shortness of breath.

Changes in the voice or being hoarse.

Harsh sounds with each breath (stridor).

Recurrent lung problems, such as bronchitis or pneumonia.

Coughing up phlegm or mucus, especially if it is tinged with blood.

Coughing up blood.

Loss of appetite or unexplained weight loss.

Muscle wasting (also known as cachexia).

Fatigue.

 

1. Smoking-

 

The incidence of Lung cancer is strongly correlated with cigarette smoking, with about 90% of Lung cancers arising as a result of tobacco use. The risk of Lung cancer increases with the number of cigarettes smoked over time. Even though the risk is higher the more you smoke, there is no safe level of exposure to tobacco smoke. Tobacco smoke contains over 4,000 chemical compounds, many of which have been shown to be cancer causing or carcinogenic. The two primary carcinogens in tobacco smoke are chemicals known as nitrosamines and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons. 

 

2.Passive Smoking-

 

Research has shown that non smokers who reside with a smoker have a 24% increase in risk for developing Lung cancer when compared with other non smokers.

 

3.Radon gas-

 

Radon is a naturally occurring radioactive gas. It is the most important cause of Lung cancer after smoking. It is estimated that radon causes between 3% and 14% of all Lung cancers.

 

4. Asbestos fibers-

 

Asbestos fibers are silicate fibers that can persist for a lifetime in lung tissue following exposure to asbestos. The workplace is a common source of exposure to asbestos fibers. Risk of developing cancer and mesothelioma is higher in person who has a repeated exposure with asbestos.

 

5. Past lung disease-

 

Lung diseases, such as tuberculosis, and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), chronic bronchitis and emphysema (condition in which air sac is damaged) can cause inflammation and scarring in the lungs. Patient with a history of past lung diseases carries greater risk of developing Lung cancer.

 

6. Prior history of Lung cancer-

 

Survivors of Lung cancer have a greater risk than the general population of developing a second Lung cancer. Survivors of non-small cell lung cancers have an added risk of 1%-2% per year for developing a second lung cancer. In survivors of small cell lung cancers, the risk for development of second cancers approaches 6% per year.

 

7. Air Pollution-

 

Air pollution, from vehicles, industry, and power plants, can raise the risk of developing lung cancer. Up to 1% of lung cancer deaths are attributable to breathing polluted air.

 

8. Lowered immunity-

 

Research studies have proved that people with HIV or AIDS have a risk of Lung cancer that is 3 times higher than people who do not have HIV or AIDS. People who take drugs to suppress their immunity after an organ transplant have double the usual risk of Lung cancer. 

 

There is also in increased risk of Lung cancer in people who have some auto immune conditions.

 

If someone is suspected of Lung cancer doctor can order a number of tests to look for cancerous cells and to rule out other conditions. In order to diagnose Lung cancer, doctor may recommend:

 

. Imaging tests. An X-ray image of your lungs may reveal an abnormal mass or nodule. A CT scan can reveal small lesions in your lungs that might not be detected on an X-ray.

 

Sputum cytology. If you have a cough and are producing sputum, looking at the sputum under the microscope can sometimes reveal the presence of lung cancer cells.

 

Tissue sample (biopsy)- A sample of abnormal cells may be removed in a procedure called a biopsy. A biopsy sample may also be taken from lymph nodes or other areas where cancer has spread, such as your liver.

 

Tumor markers- Tumor markers are substances that are produced by cancer or by other cells of the body in response to cancer or certain non-cancerous conditions. In lung cancer Cytokeratin fragments and EGFR mutation analysis are considered.

 

There are four basic ways to treat Lung cancer. These are Surgery, Radiation, Chemotherapy and Targeted therapy. Treatment options and recommendations depend on several factors, including the type and stage of cancer, possible side effects, and the patient’s preferences and overall health.

 

1. Surgery-

 

The goal of surgery is the complete removal of the lung tumor and the nearby lymph nodes in the chest. The tumor must be removed with a surrounding border or margin of normal lung tissue.

 

A. Lobectomy- The lungs have five lobes, three in the right lung and two in the left lung. A lobe containing tumor is removed in this procedure.

 

B. A wedge- If the surgeon cannot remove an entire lobe of the lung, the surgeon can remove the tumor, surrounded by a margin of normal lung.

 

C. Segmentectomy- This is another way to remove the cancer when an entire lobe of the lung cannot be removed. In a segmentectomy, the surgeon removes the portion of the lung where the cancer developed.

 

D. Pneumonectomy- If the tumor is close to the center of the chest, the surgeon may have to remove the entire lung.

 

E. Radiofrequency ablation- Radiofrequency ablation (RFA) is the use of a needle inserted into the tumor to destroy the cancer with an electrical current. It is sometimes used for a lung tumor that cannot be removed with the other types of surgery listed above.

 

2.Radiation-

 

Radiation therapy is the use of high energy x-rays or other particles to destroy cancer cells. The most common type of radiation treatment is called external beam radiation therapy, which is radiation given from a machine outside the body.

 

Like surgery, radiation therapy cannot be used to treat widespread cancer. Radiation only destroys cancer cells directly in the path of the radiation beam. It also damages the normal cells in its path, for this reason, it cannot be used to treat large areas of the body.

 

3.Chemotherapy-

 

Chemotherapy is the use of drugs to destroy cancer cells, usually by stopping the cancer cells ability to grow and divide. Systemic chemotherapy is delivered through the bloodstream to reach cancer cells throughout the body. A chemotherapy regimen usually consists of a specific number of cycles given over a set period of time. A patient may receive one drug at a time or combinations of different drugs at the same time. Chemotherapy may also damage normal cells in the body, including blood cells, skin cells, and nerve cells. This may cause low blood counts, an increased risk of infection, hair loss, mouth sores, and/or numbness or tingling in the hands and feet.

 

4.Targeted treatment-

 

Targeted therapy is a treatment that targets the cancer’s specific genes, proteins, or the tissue environment that contributes to cancer growth and survival. This type of treatment blocks the growth and spread of cancer cells while limiting damage to healthy cells.

Global Appointment
Dubai

Dr. Bendale will be soon available at Dubai for offering consultation to patients.Patients desirous of having an appointment can contact us at following mail id care@rasayucancerclinic.com

Netherland and Belgium

Dr. Bendale will be soon available at Netherland for offering consultation to patients.Patients desirous of having an appointment can contact us at following mail id care@rasayucancerclinic.com

London

Dr. Bendale will be soon available at London for offering consultation to patients.Patients desirous of having an appointment can contact us at following mail id care@rasayucancerclinic.com