News Letter
Information about Cervical Cancer Information about Cervical Cancer

 

The cervix is the lower part of the uterus that opens into the vagina. Cervical cancer occurs when abnormal cells on the cervix grow out of control.Cervical cancer is a disease which predominately affects women over 45 and is the second commonest cancer in women worldwide. Every year cervical cancer is diagnosed in about 500,000women globally and is responsible for more than 280,000 deaths annually. 80% of the new cervical cancer cases occur in developing countries, like India, which reports approximately one fourth of the world's cases of cervical cancer each year. The peak age of incidence of cervical cancer is 55–59 years, and a considerable proportion of women report in the late stages of disease.

 

In case of cervical cancer Rasayana plays a very important role not only in treatment but also in prevention. This cancer type is mainly caused by HPV infection. This infection can be diagnosed in early stages and thus high risk individuals identified and treated .Not only this premalignant cellular changes in the cervix can also be identified in cases of cervicitis. All such patients can be successfully treated with Rasayana .In these cases Rasayana not only help reduce the symptoms but it also helps in significantly reducing the cancer risk in high risk individuals.

 

In patients of cervical cancer the therapeutic approach concentrates on reducing patients symptoms, causing tumor regression, preventing spread of the disease and improving patients quality of life.

 

Patients with cervical cancer suffer from various painful symptoms .Our therapy reduces the symptoms in a span of around 2-4 weeks. Our special therapeutic approach of vaginal procedures will offer very fast relief in patients who present with severe symptoms. Within a span of around one month patients quality of life increases significantly .This also helps the patient to gain back the confidence and makes the patient to actively get involved in to his treatment. Rasayana therapy reduces the risk for spread of the disease to other organs and also increases the survival of patient by many folds.

 

1-Pre cancerous disease- Precancerous disease of cervical cancer is by its nature asymptomatic and may only be detected by routine screening,cytology, colposcopy, and histological examination

 

2- Invasive cervical cancer – Early stages of cervical cancermay be asymptomatic. When invasive disease is present and a clinically obvious tumor develops the cardinal symptom is abnormal vaginal bleeding.

 

Abnormal vaginal bleeding- Usually this take form of post coital or intermenstrual bleeding.

Excessive Foul-smelling, yellow vaginal discharge which may be mucoid or offensive

 

  • Low back pain
  • Pain during urination (dysuria)
  • Pain during sex (dyspareunia

 

3Metastatic cervical cancer symptoms

 

  • Constipation
  • Blood in the urine (hematuria)
  • Abnormal opening in the cervix
  • Ureteral obstruction
  • Deep pelvic pain
  • Sciatica pain –due to nerve root entrapment
  • Unilateral leg edema –due to blockage of lymphatics
 
  • HPV Infection- Prevalence studies reveal that infection with human papilloma virus (HPV), particularly type 16, is strongly associated with cervical intraepithelial neoplasia and invasive cancer.
  • Age: Cervical cancer predominately affects women over 45and is seen rarely in women below 15years.
  • Smoking: Cigarette smoking women are at twice the risk of developing cervical cancer in comparison to non-smokers.
  • Race: Certain races and ethnic groups like African- American, Hispanics and native Americans are genetically predisposed to develop cervical cancer.
  • Promiscuity: Having multiple sex- partners or having a partner who is promiscuous, increases the chances of developing cervical cancer.
  • STD:  A history of a sexually-transmitted disease makes a woman susceptible to develop cervical cancer.
  • High parity: Having seven or more number of full- term pregnancies predisposes a woman to develop cervical cancer.
  • Oral Contraceptives: Long -term use of oral contraceptives makes a woman more prone to develop cervical cancer
  • overweight:Overweight women are more likely to develop adenocarcinoma of the cervix.

       Use of Intrauterine device

       Intrauterine device (IUD) use lowers the risk of development of cervical cancer. 

       Low socioeconomic status

       Many low-income women do not get screened due to financial problems or treated for cervical pre-cancers.

       Hereditary

       Cervical cancer may run in some families. 

                          

Pelvic Examination- It is advisable for women who are above the age of 18 years and who are sexually active to undergo routine screening as this helps in the early detection of cervical cancer. A speculum examination will reveal a polypoid mass or infected ulcerated lesion in advanced stage. Bimanual examination by gynecologist will help to diagnose the disease.

 

PAP Smear It is commonly diagnosed through a Pap smear test. It is done by inserting a speculum into the vagina and removing cells, from the lining of the cervix, using a cotton swab or a spatula. The cells are then smeared on a glass slide and sent for microscopic examination.



The test is not considered for women below the age of 25 years and over the age of 65 years. A 3- yearly examination is recommended for women between the ages of 25 -49 years while for the age group between 50-64 years a Pap smear once in every 5 years is recommended.

 

Other diagnostic tests-comprise of a Colposcopy which enables a detailed visual examination of the cervix using a Colposcope, and Cone biopsy which removes a cone-shaped tissue from the cervix to be examined microscopically. An endocervical Curettage scrapes down the lining to be examined for abnormal changes.

 

Choice of treatment depends on the following

The stage of the cancer

The type of cervical cancer

The patient's desire to have children

The patient’s age

 

1.Surgery- There are different surgical methods are available according to your cancer stage. It may involve following types of surgery like

Cryosurgery, Laser surgery, Conization ,Hysterectomy, Radical hysterectomy

Pelvic lymph node dissection,  Trachelectomy etc.

2.Radiotherapy- It may involve External beam radiation or Brachytherapy

 

Chemotherapy:

Drugs most often used to treat advanced cervical cancer include:

§  Cisplatin

§  Carboplatin

§  Paclitaxel Topotecan

§  Gemcitabine

 

Targeted Therapy: Targeted therapy is a type of treatment that uses drugs or other substances to identify and attack specific cancer cells without harming normal cells. Bevacizumab –a monoclonal antibody can used to treat 

Global Appointment
Dubai

Dr. Bendale will be soon available at Dubai for offering consultation to patients.Patients desirous of having an appointment can contact us at following mail id care@rasayucancerclinic.com

Netherland and Belgium

Dr. Bendale will be soon available at Netherland for offering consultation to patients.Patients desirous of having an appointment can contact us at following mail id care@rasayucancerclinic.com

London

Dr. Bendale will be soon available at London for offering consultation to patients.Patients desirous of having an appointment can contact us at following mail id care@rasayucancerclinic.com