News Letter
Information about Bladder Cancer

 

The Bladder is a pouch in the urinary tract that stores urine after it is produced by the kidneys. The bladder is lined with specialized cells called transitional cells. Any malignant growth in the bladder refers to Bladder Cancer.

 

Approach of Rasayu Cancer Clinic towards treatment of urinary bladder cancer largely depends on the stage of cancer. Rasayu Cancer Clinic has a very open approach towards treatment and we always advise what is best for our patient. Wherever surgery is possible and necessary we advise our patients to go for it. Then if the cancer is in initial primary stage our main tasks is to avoid the relapse or metastasis of disease and to improve patient’s quality of life.

 

Rasayana Therapy has proved to be excellent in producing statistically and clinically significant improvement in patient’s quality of life. Our patients starts to feel a very substantial improvement as early as two weeks after start of the therapy. Symptoms starts to reduce immediately and patients feel comfortable. Patient can perform most of the day to day functioning and can lead life almost similar to that of healthy individual.

 

Rasayana also plays an important role in preventing metastasis of the disease. Rasayana compounds have also shown to prevent growth of cancer in animal models.

 

In advanced stage our therapy aims to cause tumor regression , prevent spread of disease and also to improve patients quality of life .Rasayana Therapy have also shown to increase patients survival by many folds as compared to the median survival in patients of that particular stage receiving conventional therapies. 

 

Bladder cancer signs and symptoms may include:

 

1.Blood in urine (hematuria) — urine may appear bright red or cola colored. Or urine may appear normal, but blood may be      detected in a microscopic examination of the urine.

2.Frequent urination.

3.Painful urination.

4.Back pain.

5.Pelvic pain.

 

The exact cause of bladder cancer is unknown, but there are risk factors linked to the disease:

 

1.Smoking- Smoking is the major risk factor for Bladder cancer. About 1 in 3 cases of Bladder cancer may be caused by it.The longer a person smokes and the more cigarettes they smoke, the greater the risk. Chemicals that can cause cancer are present in cigarette smoke. When smokers inhale, some of these chemicals get into the blood and end up in the urine after being filtered by the kidneys. The chemicals can damage the cells that line the bladder and over many years this may cause cancer.

 

2.Age- Bladder cancer is more common in older people. It’s rare for anyone under 40 to develop it.

 

3.Gender- Bladder cancer is more common in men than in women.

 

4.Exposure to chemicals- These include chemicals previously used in dye factories, rubber, leather, textiles, printing, gasworks, plastics, paints, and in other chemical industries. Many of these chemicals are now banned, but it can take up to 25 years after exposure for Bladder cancers to develop.

 

5.Infection- Repeated urinary infections and untreated bladder stones have been linked with a less common type of bladder cancer called squamous cell cancer. People who are paralyzed have more bladder infections and a higher risk of getting bladder cancer.

 

6.Previous treatment of cancer- Radiotherapy to the pelvis to treat another cancer  and treatment with a chemotherapy drug called cyclophosphamide  can increase the risk of Bladder cancer.

 

7.Family history- The risk of developing bladder cancer is slightly increased if you have a close relative who has had Bladder cancer.

 

The following tests and procedures may be used:

 

Physical exam and history : An exam of the body to check general signs of health, including checking for signs of disease, such as lumps or anything else that seems unusual. A history of the patient’s health habits and past illnesses and treatments will also be taken.

 

Urinalysis: A test to check the color of urine and its contents, such as sugar, protein, red blood cells  and white blood cells.

 

Urine cytology: A laboratory test in which a sample of urine is checked under a microscope for abnormal cells.

 

Cystoscopy: A procedure to look inside the bladder and urethra to check for abnormal areas. A cystoscope is inserted through the urethra into the bladder. A cystoscope is a thin  tube-like instrument with a light and a lens for viewing. It may also have a tool to remove tissue samples which are checked under a microscope for signs of cancer.

 

Intravenous pyelogram (IVP): A series of x-rays of the kidneys, ureters and bladder to find out if cancer is present in these organs. A contrast dye is injected into a vein. As the contrast dye moves through the kidneys, ureters and bladder  x-rays are taken to see if there are any blockages.

 

Biopsy: The removal of cells or tissues so they can be viewed under a microscope by a pathologist to check for signs of cancer. A biopsy for bladder cancer is usually done during cystoscopy. It may be possible to remove the entire tumor during biopsy.

 

The main types of treatment for cancer of the bladder are

 

Surgery

 

1.Removing part of bladder- This surgery is preferred if the cancer has invaded the muscle but is not very large and only in on place.Nearby lymph nodes are also removed and examined for cancer spread. Only a small portion of people with cancer that has invaded the muscle can have this surgery.

 

2.Complete removal of bladder- If the cancer is larger or is in more than one part of the bladder, a radical cystectomy with extended lymph node dissection is preferred. This operation removes the entire bladder and nearby lymph nodes. In men, the prostate is also removed. In women, the ovaries, fallopian tubes, the womb  and a small portion of the vagina are often removed along with the bladder.

 

Chemotherapy- Chemotherapy  use certain cytotoxic  drugs to kill cancer cells Chemotherapy is given in different ways. Either the drug is put directly into the area to be treated, it is called local chemotherapy. In Intravesical therapy  the drug is put inside the bladder is a form of local chemo.

 

In other case the  chemo drugs are given in pill form or injected into a vein (IV) or muscle (IM), the chemotherapeutic agents then enter the bloodstream and travel throughout the body. This is called systemic chemotherapy.

 

Radiation therapy- This therapy uses  high-energy radiation to kill cancer cells. External beam radiation therapy is most commonly used to treat Bladder cancer. This therapy  focuses radiation from a source outside of the body on the cancer.

Global Appointment
Dubai

Dr. Bendale will be soon available at Dubai for offering consultation to patients.Patients desirous of having an appointment can contact us at following mail id care@rasayucancerclinic.com

Netherland and Belgium

Dr. Bendale will be soon available at Netherland for offering consultation to patients.Patients desirous of having an appointment can contact us at following mail id care@rasayucancerclinic.com

London

Dr. Bendale will be soon available at London for offering consultation to patients.Patients desirous of having an appointment can contact us at following mail id care@rasayucancerclinic.com