News Letter
Information about Leukemia

Leukemia is a cancer of blood cells (and therefore sometimes referred to as Blood cancer).

Leukemia may be divided into acute and chronic, myeloid and lymphatic. So types of leukemia are

1.      Acute myeloid leukemia

2.      Chronic myeloid leukemia

3.      Acute lymphoid leukemia

4.      Chronic lymphoid leukemia

 

As per principles of Ayurveda vitiation of blood plays an important role in causing any type of cancer. Moreover blood plays an important role in nutrition and immunity thus any pathology in blood cause serious systemic symptoms leading to poor quality of life. Such patients are more prone for infections, anemia and bleeding. These patients also develop night sweat, fever and weight loss.

 

Our preliminary approach is in this disease is to limit the disease and reduce the symptoms. Our treatment helps to reduce symptoms in patient’s and to improve his quality of life in few weeks. Also our therapy significantly help improve survival in patients.

 

1.     Fever or chills.

2.     Persistent fatigue, weakness.

3.     Frequent or severe infections.

4.     Losing weight without trying.

5.     Swollen Lymph nodes, enlarged Liver or Spleen.

6.     Easy bleeding or bruising.

7.     Recurrent nosebleeds.

8.     Tiny red spots on your skin (petechiae).

9.     Excessive sweating, especially at night.

10.   Bone pain or tenderness.

 

For most people with Leukemia, there's no way to identify what causes it. In some cases, though, specific risk factors can be identified:

 

. Previous chemotherapy or radiation therapy.

 

Exposure to high doses of radiation or to benzene (found in unleaded gasoline, tobacco smoke, chemical production facilities).

family history.

 

Genetic abnormality, such as an abnormality on chromosome 22 (also known as the Philadelphia chromosome).

 

Genetic disorders, such as Down syndrome and Fanconi anemia.

 

1. Peripheral blood count with blood film- It demonstrate the presence of abnormal blood cells.

 

2. Bone marrow test- This is done to confirm diagnosis. The bone marrow is removed using a long, thin needle. The sample is sent to a laboratory to look for Leukemia cells.

 

The goal of treatment for Leukemia is to destroy the Leukemia cells and allow normal cells to form in bone marrow. Treatment decisions are based on the kind of Leukemia, its stage and age and general health of the patient.

 

A. Acute Lymphoid Leukemia

 

1.Induction therapy kills Leukemia cells in the blood and bone marrow to induce remission. Treatments include   chemotherapy and corticosteroids.

2. Consolidation therapy kills any Leukemia cells that may be present even though they don't show up in tests. If these cells regrow, they could cause a relapse. Treatments include more chemotherapy and may include stem cell transplant.

3.Maintenance therapy is given to prevent remaining Leukemia cells from growing. This may be done using lower doses of chemotherapy than those used during induction or consolidation. Chemotherapy is given with pills and once-a-month intravenous treatment. Maintenance is often continued for up to 3 years.

 

When there are no signs of leukemia for 5 years, a person is usually considered cured.

 

B. Acute Myeloid Leukemia

 

1.Induction of remission kills Leukemia cells in the blood and bone marrow to induce remission. Chemotherapy is given by intravenous (IV) treatment. Induction usually lasts 4 weeks, with a week of chemotherapy and then 3 weeks for bone marrow recovery.

2.Post-remission therapy kills any Leukemia cells that may be present even though they don't show up in tests. This therapy may involve getting additional chemotherapy or a stem cell transplant.

3.For subtype of AML called acute promyelocytic leukemia, other medicines, such as arsenic trioxide and all-trans retinoic acid (ATRA) can be given.

 

C. Chronic Lymphoid Leukemia

 

Treatment choices for CLL include:

1.Radiation therapy may be used to treat Lymph nodes that are swollen from too many abnormal lymphocytes.

2.Chemotherapy is often a combination of medicines and may include monoclonal antibodies.

 

D. Chronic Myeloid Leukemia

 

The most common choices for treatment of CML are

1.Targeted therapy with a tyrosine kinase inhibitor. This is the first treatment used for CML.

2.Stem cell transplant

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